round, roundf, roundl - round to the nearest integer value in a floating-point format
double round(double x);
float roundf(float x);
long double roundl(long double x);
[CX] The functionality described on this reference page is aligned with the ISO C standard. Any conflict between the requirements described here and the ISO C standard is unintentional. This volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001 defers to the ISO C standard.
These functions shall round their argument to the nearest integer value in floating-point format, rounding halfway cases away from zero, regardless of the current rounding direction.
An application wishing to check for error situations should set errno to zero and call feclearexcept(FE_ALL_EXCEPT) before calling these functions. On return, if errno is non-zero or fetestexcept(FE_INVALID | FE_DIVBYZERO | FE_OVERFLOW | FE_UNDERFLOW) is non-zero, an error has occurred.
Upon successful completion, these functions shall return the rounded integer value.
[MX] If x is NaN, a NaN shall be returned.
If x is ±0 or ±Inf, x shall be returned.
[XSI] If the correct value would cause overflow, a range error shall occur and round(), roundf(), and roundl() shall return the value of the macro ±HUGE_VAL, ±HUGE_VALF, and ±HUGE_VALL (with the same sign as x), respectively.
These functions may fail if:
- Range Error
- [XSI] The result overflows.
If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) is non-zero, then errno shall be set to [ERANGE]. If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) is non-zero, then the overflow floating-point exception shall be raised.
On error, the expressions (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) and (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) are independent of each other, but at least one of them must be non-zero.
feclearexcept(), fetestexcept(), the Base Definitions volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, Section 4.18, Treatment of Error Conditions for Mathematical Functions, <math.h>
First released in Issue 6. Derived from the ISO/IEC 9899:1999 standard.