waitid - wait for a child process to change state
The waitid() function shall suspend the calling thread until one child of the process containing the calling thread changes state. It records the current state of a child in the structure pointed to by infop. If a child process changed state prior to the call to waitid(), waitid() shall return immediately. If more than one thread is suspended in wait() or waitpid() waiting for termination of the same process, exactly one thread shall return the process status at the time of the target process termination.
The idtype and id arguments are used to specify which children waitid() waits for.
If idtype is P_PID, waitid() shall wait for the child with a process ID equal to (pid_t)id.
If idtype is P_PGID, waitid() shall wait for any child with a process group ID equal to (pid_t)id.
If idtype is P_ALL, waitid() shall wait for any children and id is ignored.
The options argument is used to specify which state changes waitid() shall wait for. It is formed by OR'ing together one or more of the following flags:
- Wait for processes that have exited.
- Status shall be returned for any child that has stopped upon receipt of a signal.
- Status shall be returned for any child that was stopped and has been continued.
- Return immediately if there are no children to wait for.
- Keep the process whose status is returned in infop in a waitable state. This shall not affect the state of the process; the process may be waited for again after this call completes.
The application shall ensure that the infop argument points to a siginfo_t structure. If waitid() returns because a child process was found that satisfied the conditions indicated by the arguments idtype and options, then the structure pointed to by infop shall be filled in by the system with the status of the process. The si_signo member shall always be equal to SIGCHLD.
If WNOHANG was specified and there are no children to wait for, 0 shall be returned. If waitid() returns due to the change of state of one of its children, 0 shall be returned. Otherwise, -1 shall be returned and errno set to indicate the error.
The waitid() function shall fail if:
- The calling process has no existing unwaited-for child processes.
- The waitid() function was interrupted by a signal.
- An invalid value was specified for options, or idtype and id specify an invalid set of processes.
exec(), exit(), wait(), the Base Definitions volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, <sys/wait.h>
First released in Issue 4, Version 2.
Moved from X/OPEN UNIX extension to BASE.
The DESCRIPTION is updated for alignment with the POSIX Threads Extension.
The DESCRIPTION is updated to avoid use of the term "must" for application requirements.