basename - return the last component of a pathname
The basename() function shall take the pathname pointed to by path and return a pointer to the final component of the pathname, deleting any trailing '/' characters.
If the string pointed to by path consists entirely of the '/' character, basename() shall return a pointer to the string "/". If the string pointed to by path is exactly "//", it is implementation-defined whether '/' or "//" is returned.
If path is a null pointer or points to an empty string, basename() shall return a pointer to the string ".".
The basename() function may modify the string pointed to by path, and may return a pointer to static storage that may then be overwritten by a subsequent call to basename().
The basename() function need not be reentrant. A function that is not required to be reentrant is not required to be thread-safe.
The basename() function shall return a pointer to the final component of path.
No errors are defined.
The following program fragment returns a pointer to the value lib, which is the base name of /usr/lib.#include <libgen.h> ... char *name = "/usr/lib"; char *base;
base = basename(name); ...
Sample Input and Output Strings for basename()
In the following table, the input string is the value pointed to by path, and the output string is the return value of the basename() function.
dirname(), the Base Definitions volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, <libgen.h>, the Shell and Utilities volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, basename
First released in Issue 4, Version 2.
Moved from X/OPEN UNIX extension to BASE.
Normative text previously in the APPLICATION USAGE section is moved to the DESCRIPTION.
A note indicating that this function need not be reentrant is added to the DESCRIPTION.
In the DESCRIPTION, the note about reentrancy is expanded to cover thread-safety.
IEEE Std 1003.1-2001/Cor 2-2004, item XSH/TC2/D6/20 is applied, changing the DESCRIPTION to make it clear that the string referenced is the string pointed to by path.