cosh, coshf, coshl - hyperbolic cosine functions
double cosh(double x);
float coshf(float x);
long double coshl(long double x);
[CX] The functionality described on this reference page is aligned with the ISO C standard. Any conflict between the requirements described here and the ISO C standard is unintentional. This volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001 defers to the ISO C standard.
These functions shall compute the hyperbolic cosine of their argument x.
An application wishing to check for error situations should set errno to zero and call feclearexcept(FE_ALL_EXCEPT) before calling these functions. On return, if errno is non-zero or fetestexcept(FE_INVALID | FE_DIVBYZERO | FE_OVERFLOW | FE_UNDERFLOW) is non-zero, an error has occurred.
Upon successful completion, these functions shall return the hyperbolic cosine of x.
If the correct value would cause overflow, a range error shall occur and cosh(), coshf(), and coshl() shall return the value of the macro HUGE_VAL, HUGE_VALF, and HUGE_VALL, respectively.
[MX] If x is NaN, a NaN shall be returned.
If x is ±0, the value 1.0 shall be returned.
If x is ±Inf, +Inf shall be returned.
These functions shall fail if:
- Range Error
- The result would cause an overflow.
If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) is non-zero, then errno shall be set to [ERANGE]. If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) is non-zero, then the overflow floating-point exception shall be raised.
On error, the expressions (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) and (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) are independent of each other, but at least one of them must be non-zero.
For IEEE Std 754-1985 double, 710.5 < |x| implies that cosh( x) has overflowed.
acosh(), feclearexcept(), fetestexcept(), isnan(), sinh(), tanh(), the Base Definitions volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, Section 4.18, Treatment of Error Conditions for Mathematical Functions, <math.h>
First released in Issue 1. Derived from Issue 1 of the SVID.
The DESCRIPTION is updated to indicate how an application should check for an error. This text was previously published in the APPLICATION USAGE section.
The coshf() and coshl() functions are added for alignment with the ISO/IEC 9899:1999 standard.
The DESCRIPTION, RETURN VALUE, ERRORS, and APPLICATION USAGE sections are revised to align with the ISO/IEC 9899:1999 standard.
IEC 60559:1989 standard floating-point extensions over the ISO/IEC 9899:1999 standard are marked.