The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 6
IEEE Std 1003.1, 2004 Edition
Copyright © 2001-2004 The IEEE and The Open Group, All Rights reserved.
A newer edition of this document exists here


fgetwc - get a wide-character code from a stream


#include <stdio.h>
#include <wchar.h>

wint_t fgetwc(FILE *


[CX] [Option Start] The functionality described on this reference page is aligned with the ISO C standard. Any conflict between the requirements described here and the ISO C standard is unintentional. This volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001 defers to the ISO C standard. [Option End]

The fgetwc() function shall obtain the next character (if present) from the input stream pointed to by stream, convert that to the corresponding wide-character code, and advance the associated file position indicator for the stream (if defined).

If an error occurs, the resulting value of the file position indicator for the stream is unspecified.

[CX] [Option Start] The fgetwc() function may mark the st_atime field of the file associated with stream for update. The st_atime field shall be marked for update by the first successful execution of fgetc(), fgets(), fgetwc(), fgetws(), fread(), fscanf(), getc(), getchar(), gets(), or scanf() using stream that returns data not supplied by a prior call to ungetc() or ungetwc(). [Option End]


Upon successful completion, the fgetwc() function shall return the wide-character code of the character read from the input stream pointed to by stream converted to a type wint_t. If the stream is at end-of-file, the end-of-file indicator for the stream shall be set and fgetwc() shall return WEOF. If a read error occurs, the error indicator for the stream shall be set, fgetwc() shall return WEOF, [CX] [Option Start]  and shall set errno to indicate the error. [Option End] If an encoding error occurs, the error indicator for the stream shall be set, fgetwc() shall return WEOF, and shall set errno to indicate the error.


The fgetwc() function shall fail if data needs to be read and:

[CX] [Option Start] The O_NONBLOCK flag is set for the file descriptor underlying stream and the thread would be delayed in the fgetwc() operation. [Option End]
[CX] [Option Start] The file descriptor underlying stream is not a valid file descriptor open for reading. [Option End]
The data obtained from the input stream does not form a valid character.
[CX] [Option Start] The read operation was terminated due to the receipt of a signal, and no data was transferred. [Option End]
[CX] [Option Start] A physical I/O error has occurred, or the process is in a background process group attempting to read from its controlling terminal, and either the process is ignoring or blocking the SIGTTIN signal or the process group is orphaned. This error may also be generated for implementation-defined reasons. [Option End]
[CX] [Option Start] The file is a regular file and an attempt was made to read at or beyond the offset maximum associated with the corresponding stream. [Option End]

The fgetwc() function may fail if:

[CX] [Option Start] Insufficient storage space is available. [Option End]
[CX] [Option Start] A request was made of a nonexistent device, or the request was outside the capabilities of the device. [Option End]

The following sections are informative.




The ferror() or feof() functions must be used to distinguish between an error condition and an end-of-file condition.






feof(), ferror(), fopen(), the Base Definitions volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, <stdio.h>, <wchar.h>


First released in Issue 4. Derived from the MSE working draft.

Issue 5

The Optional Header (OH) marking is removed from <stdio.h>.

Large File Summit extensions are added.

Issue 6

Extensions beyond the ISO C standard are marked.

The following new requirements on POSIX implementations derive from alignment with the Single UNIX Specification:

IEEE Std 1003.1-2001/Cor 2-2004, item XSH/TC2/D6/33 is applied, updating the [EAGAIN] error in the ERRORS section from ``the process would be delayed'' to ``the thread would be delayed''.

End of informative text.

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POSIX ® is a registered Trademark of The IEEE.
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