The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 6
IEEE Std 1003.1, 2004 Edition
Copyright © 2001-2004 The IEEE and The Open Group, All Rights reserved.
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longjmp - non-local goto


#include <setjmp.h>

void longjmp(jmp_buf
env, int val);


[CX] [Option Start] The functionality described on this reference page is aligned with the ISO C standard. Any conflict between the requirements described here and the ISO C standard is unintentional. This volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001 defers to the ISO C standard. [Option End]

The longjmp() function shall restore the environment saved by the most recent invocation of setjmp() in the same thread, with the corresponding jmp_buf argument. If there is no such invocation, or if the function containing the invocation of setjmp() has terminated execution in the interim, or if the invocation of setjmp() was within the scope of an identifier with variably modified type and execution has left that scope in the interim, the behavior is undefined. [CX] [Option Start]  It is unspecified whether longjmp() restores the signal mask, leaves the signal mask unchanged, or restores it to its value at the time setjmp() was called. [Option End]

All accessible objects have values, and all other components of the abstract machine have state (for example, floating-point status flags and open files), as of the time longjmp() was called, except that the values of objects of automatic storage duration are unspecified if they meet all the following conditions:

[CX] [Option Start] As it bypasses the usual function call and return mechanisms, longjmp() shall execute correctly in contexts of interrupts, signals, and any of their associated functions. However, if longjmp() is invoked from a nested signal handler (that is, from a function invoked as a result of a signal raised during the handling of another signal), the behavior is undefined.

The effect of a call to longjmp() where initialization of the jmp_buf structure was not performed in the calling thread is undefined. [Option End]


After longjmp() is completed, program execution continues as if the corresponding invocation of setjmp() had just returned the value specified by val. The longjmp() function shall not cause setjmp() to return 0; if val is 0, setjmp() shall return 1.


No errors are defined.

The following sections are informative.




Applications whose behavior depends on the value of the signal mask should not use longjmp() and setjmp(), since their effect on the signal mask is unspecified, but should instead use the siglongjmp() and sigsetjmp() functions (which can save and restore the signal mask under application control).






setjmp(), sigaction(), siglongjmp(), sigsetjmp(), the Base Definitions volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, <setjmp.h>


First released in Issue 1. Derived from Issue 1 of the SVID.

Issue 5

The DESCRIPTION is updated for alignment with the POSIX Threads Extension.

Issue 6

Extensions beyond the ISO C standard are marked.

The following new requirements on POSIX implementations derive from alignment with the Single UNIX Specification:

The DESCRIPTION is updated for alignment with the ISO/IEC 9899:1999 standard.

End of informative text.

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