shmctl - XSI shared memory control operations
The shmctl() function operates on XSI shared memory (see the Base Definitions volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, Section 3.340, Shared Memory Object). It is unspecified whether this function interoperates with the realtime interprocess communication facilities defined in Realtime.
The shmctl() function provides a variety of shared memory control operations as specified by cmd. The following values for cmd are available:
- Place the current value of each member of the shmid_ds data structure associated with shmid into the structure pointed to by buf. The contents of the structure are defined in <sys/shm.h>.
- Set the value of the following members of the shmid_ds data structure associated with shmid to the corresponding value found in the structure pointed to by buf:shm_perm.uid shm_perm.gid shm_perm.mode Low-order nine bits.
IPC_SET can only be executed by a process that has an effective user ID equal to either that of a process with appropriate privileges or to the value of shm_perm.cuid or shm_perm.uid in the shmid_ds data structure associated with shmid.
- Remove the shared memory identifier specified by shmid from the system and destroy the shared memory segment and shmid_ds data structure associated with it. IPC_RMID can only be executed by a process that has an effective user ID equal to either that of a process with appropriate privileges or to the value of shm_perm.cuid or shm_perm.uid in the shmid_ds data structure associated with shmid.
Upon successful completion, shmctl() shall return 0; otherwise, it shall return -1 and set errno to indicate the error.
The shmctl() function shall fail if:
- The argument cmd is equal to IPC_STAT and the calling process does not have read permission; see XSI Interprocess Communication.
- The value of shmid is not a valid shared memory identifier, or the value of cmd is not a valid command.
- The argument cmd is equal to IPC_RMID or IPC_SET and the effective user ID of the calling process is not equal to that of a process with appropriate privileges and it is not equal to the value of shm_perm.cuid or shm_perm.uid in the data structure associated with shmid.
The shmctl() function may fail if:
- The cmd argument is IPC_STAT and the gid or uid value is too large to be stored in the structure pointed to by the buf argument.
The POSIX Realtime Extension defines alternative interfaces for interprocess communication. Application developers who need to use IPC should design their applications so that modules using the IPC routines described in XSI Interprocess Communication can be easily modified to use the alternative interfaces.
XSI Interprocess Communication, Realtime, shmat(), shmdt(), shmget(), shm_open(), shm_unlink(), the Base Definitions volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, <sys/shm.h>
First released in Issue 2. Derived from Issue 2 of the SVID.
Moved from SHARED MEMORY to BASE.
The note about use of POSIX Realtime Extension IPC routines has been moved from FUTURE DIRECTIONS to a new APPLICATION USAGE section.