The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 6
IEEE Std 1003.1, 2004 Edition
Copyright © 2001-2004 The IEEE and The Open Group, All Rights reserved.
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sigemptyset - initialize and empty a signal set


[CX] [Option Start] #include <signal.h>

int sigemptyset(sigset_t *
set); [Option End]


The sigemptyset() function initializes the signal set pointed to by set, such that all signals defined in IEEE Std 1003.1-2001 are excluded.


Upon successful completion, sigemptyset() shall return 0; otherwise, it shall return -1 and set errno to indicate the error.


No errors are defined.

The following sections are informative.






The implementation of the sigemptyset() (or sigfillset()) function could quite trivially clear (or set) all the bits in the signal set. Alternatively, it would be reasonable to initialize part of the structure, such as a version field, to permit binary-compatibility between releases where the size of the set varies. For such reasons, either sigemptyset() or sigfillset() must be called prior to any other use of the signal set, even if such use is read-only (for example, as an argument to sigpending()). This function is not intended for dynamic allocation.

The sigfillset() and sigemptyset() functions require that the resulting signal set include (or exclude) all the signals defined in this volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001. Although it is outside the scope of this volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001 to place this requirement on signals that are implemented as extensions, it is recommended that implementation-defined signals also be affected by these functions. However, there may be a good reason for a particular signal not to be affected. For example, blocking or ignoring an implementation-defined signal may have undesirable side effects, whereas the default action for that signal is harmless. In such a case, it would be preferable for such a signal to be excluded from the signal set returned by sigfillset().

In early proposals there was no distinction between invalid and unsupported signals (the names of optional signals that were not supported by an implementation were not defined by that implementation). The [EINVAL] error was thus specified as a required error for invalid signals. With that distinction, it is not necessary to require implementations of these functions to determine whether an optional signal is actually supported, as that could have a significant performance impact for little value. The error could have been required for invalid signals and optional for unsupported signals, but this seemed unnecessarily complex. Thus, the error is optional in both cases.




Signal Concepts, sigaction(), sigaddset(), sigdelset(), sigfillset(), sigismember(), sigpending(), sigprocmask(), sigsuspend(), the Base Definitions volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, <signal.h>


First released in Issue 3. Included for alignment with the POSIX.1-1988 standard.

Issue 6

The SYNOPSIS is marked CX since the presence of this function in the <signal.h> header is an extension over the ISO C standard.

End of informative text.

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