The Single UNIX ® Specification, Version 2
Copyright © 1997 The Open Group


msgrcv - message receive operation


#include <sys/msg.h>

ssize_t msgrcv(int msqid, void *msgp, size_t msgsz, long int msgtyp,
    int msgflg);


The msgrcv() function reads a message from the queue associated with the message queue identifier specified by msqid and places it in the user-defined buffer pointed to by msgp.

The argument msgp points to a user-defined buffer that must contain first a field of type long int that will specify the type of the message, and then a data portion that will hold the data bytes of the message. The structure below is an example of what this user-defined buffer might look like:

struct mymsg {
    long int    mtype;     /* message type */
    char        mtext[1];  /* message text */

The structure member mtype is the received message's type as specified by the sending process.

The structure member mtext is the text of the message.

The argument msgsz specifies the size in bytes of mtext. The received message is truncated to msgsz bytes if it is larger than msgsz and (msgflg & MSG_NOERROR) is non-zero. The truncated part of the message is lost and no indication of the truncation is given to the calling process.

If the value of msgsz is greater than {SSIZE_MAX}, the result is implementation-dependent.

The argument msgtyp specifies the type of message requested as follows:

The argument msgflg specifies the action to be taken if a message of the desired type is not on the queue. These are as follows:

Upon successful completion, the following actions are taken with respect to the data structure associated with msqid:


Upon successful completion, msgrcv() returns a value equal to the number of bytes actually placed into the buffer mtext. Otherwise, no message will be received, msgrcv() will return (ssize_t)-1 and errno will be set to indicate the error.


The msgrcv() function will fail if:
The value of mtext is greater than msgsz and (msgflg & MSG_NOERROR) is 0.
Operation permission is denied to the calling process. See IPC.
The message queue identifier msqid is removed from the system.
The msgrcv() function was interrupted by a signal.
msqid is not a valid message queue identifier.
The queue does not contain a message of the desired type and (msgflg & IPC_NOWAIT) is non-zero.




The POSIX Realtime Extension defines alternative interfaces for interprocess communication. Application developers who need to use IPC should design their applications so that modules using the IPC routines described in IPC can be easily modified to use the alternative interfaces.




mq_close(), mq_getattr(), mq_notify(), mq_open(), mq_receive(), mq_send(), mq_setattr(), mq_unlink(), msgctl(), msgget(), msgsnd(), sigaction(), <sys/msg.h>, IPC.


Derived from Issue 2 of the SVID.

UNIX ® is a registered Trademark of The Open Group.
Copyright © 1997 The Open Group
[ Main Index | XSH | XCU | XBD | XCURSES | XNS ]