The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 7
IEEE Std 1003.1-2008, 2016 Edition
Copyright © 2001-2016 The IEEE and The Open Group


stddef.h - standard type definitions


#include <stddef.h>


[CX] [Option Start] The functionality described on this reference page is aligned with the ISO C standard. Any conflict between the requirements described here and the ISO C standard is unintentional. This volume of POSIX.1-2008 defers to the ISO C standard. [Option End]

The <stddef.h> header shall define the following macros:

Null pointer constant. [CX] [Option Start]  The macro shall expand to an integer constant expression with the value 0 cast to type void *. [Option End]
offsetof(type, member-designator)
Integer constant expression of type size_t, the value of which is the offset in bytes to the structure member (member-designator), from the beginning of its structure (type).

The <stddef.h> header shall define the following types:

Signed integer type of the result of subtracting two pointers.
Integer type whose range of values can represent distinct codes for all members of the largest extended character set specified among the supported locales; the null character shall have the code value zero. Each member of the basic character set shall have a code value equal to its value when used as the lone character in an integer character constant if an implementation does not define __STDC_MB_MIGHT_NEQ_WC__.
Unsigned integer type of the result of the sizeof operator.

The implementation shall support one or more programming environments in which the widths of ptrdiff_t, size_t, and wchar_t are no greater than the width of type long. The names of these programming environments can be obtained using the confstr() function or the getconf utility.

The following sections are informative.




The ISO C standard does not require the NULL macro to include the cast to type void * and specifies that the NULL macro be implementation-defined. POSIX.1-2008 requires the cast and therefore need not be implementation-defined.




<sys/types.h>, <wchar.h>

XSH confstr

XCU getconf


First released in Issue 4. Derived from the ANSI C standard.

Issue 7

This reference page is clarified with respect to macros and symbolic constants.

SD5-XBD-ERN-53 is applied, updating the definition of wchar_t to align with ISO/IEC 9899:1999 standard, Technical Corrigendum 3.

End of informative text.


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