basename - return the last component of a pathname
The basename() function shall take the pathname pointed to by path and return a pointer to the final component of the pathname, deleting any trailing '/' characters.
If the string pointed to by path consists entirely of the '/' character, basename() shall return a pointer to the string "/". If the string pointed to by path is exactly "//", it is implementation-defined whether '/' or "//" is returned.
If path is a null pointer or points to an empty string, basename() shall return a pointer to the string ".".
The basename() function may modify the string pointed to by path, and may return a pointer to internal storage. The returned pointer might be invalidated or the storage might be overwritten by a subsequent call to basename().
The basename() function need not be thread-safe.
The basename() function shall return a pointer to the final component of path.
No errors are defined.
The following program fragment returns a pointer to the value lib, which is the base name of /usr/lib.#include <libgen.h> ... char *name = "/usr/lib"; char *base;
base = basename(name); ...
Sample Input and Output Strings for basename()
In the following table, the input string is the value pointed to by path, and the output string is the return value of the basename() function.
First released in Issue 4, Version 2.
Moved from X/OPEN UNIX extension to BASE.
Normative text previously in the APPLICATION USAGE section is moved to the DESCRIPTION.
A note indicating that this function need not be reentrant is added to the DESCRIPTION.
In the DESCRIPTION, the note about reentrancy is expanded to cover thread-safety.
IEEE Std 1003.1-2001/Cor 2-2004, item XSH/TC2/D6/20 is applied, changing the DESCRIPTION to make it clear that the string referenced is the string pointed to by path.
Austin Group Interpretation 1003.1-2001 #156 is applied.
POSIX.1-2008, Technical Corrigendum 1, XSH/TC1-2008/0041  is applied.
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