fstat - get file status
int fstat(int fildes, struct stat *buf);
The fstat() function shall obtain information about an open file associated with the file descriptor fildes, and shall write it to the area pointed to by buf.
[SHM] If fildes references a shared memory object, the implementation shall update in the stat structure pointed to by the buf argument the st_uid, st_gid, st_size, and st_mode fields, and only the S_IRUSR, S_IWUSR, S_IRGRP, S_IWGRP, S_IROTH, and S_IWOTH file permission bits need be valid. The implementation may update other fields and flags.
[TYM] If fildes references a typed memory object, the implementation shall update in the stat structure pointed to by the buf argument the st_uid, st_gid, st_size, and st_mode fields, and only the S_IRUSR, S_IWUSR, S_IRGRP, S_IWGRP, S_IROTH, and S_IWOTH file permission bits need be valid. The implementation may update other fields and flags.
The buf argument is a pointer to a stat structure, as defined in <sys/stat.h>, into which information is placed concerning the file.
For all other file types defined in this volume of POSIX.1-2017, the structure members st_mode, st_ino, st_dev, st_uid, st_gid, st_atim, st_ctim, and st_mtim shall have meaningful values and the value of the st_nlink member shall be set to the number of links to the file.
An implementation that provides additional or alternative file access control mechanisms may, under implementation-defined conditions, cause fstat() to fail.
The fstat() function shall update any time-related fields (as described in XBD File Times Update), before writing into the stat structure.
Upon successful completion, 0 shall be returned. Otherwise, -1 shall be returned and errno set to indicate the error.
The fstat() function shall fail if:
- The fildes argument is not a valid file descriptor.
- An I/O error occurred while reading from the file system.
- The file size in bytes or the number of blocks allocated to the file or the file serial number cannot be represented correctly in the structure pointed to by buf.
The fstat() function may fail if:
- One of the values is too large to store into the structure pointed to by the buf argument.
Obtaining File Status Information
The following example shows how to obtain file status information for a file named /home/cnd/mod1. The structure variable buffer is defined for the stat structure. The /home/cnd/mod1 file is opened with read/write privileges and is passed to the open file descriptor fildes.#include <sys/types.h> #include <sys/stat.h> #include <fcntl.h>
struct stat buffer; int status; ... fildes = open("/home/cnd/mod1", O_RDWR); status = fstat(fildes, &buffer);
XBD File Times Update, <sys/stat.h>, <sys/types.h>
First released in Issue 1. Derived from Issue 1 of the SVID.
The DESCRIPTION is updated for alignment with the POSIX Realtime Extension.
Large File Summit extensions are added.
In the SYNOPSIS, the optional include of the <sys/types.h> header is removed.
The following new requirements on POSIX implementations derive from alignment with the Single UNIX Specification:
The requirement to include <sys/types.h> has been removed. Although <sys/types.h> was required for conforming implementations of previous POSIX specifications, it was not required for UNIX applications.
The [EIO] mandatory error condition is added.
The [EOVERFLOW] mandatory error condition is added. This change is to support large files.
The [EOVERFLOW] optional error condition is added.
The DESCRIPTION is updated for alignment with IEEE Std 1003.1j-2000 by specifying that shared memory object semantics apply to typed memory objects.
XSH-SD5-ERN-161 is applied, updating the DESCRIPTION to clarify to which file types st_nlink applies.
Changes are made related to support for finegrained timestamps.
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