log2, log2f, log2l - compute base 2 logarithm functions
double log2(double x);
float log2f(float x);
long double log2l(long double x);
[CX] The functionality described on this reference page is aligned with the ISO C standard. Any conflict between the requirements described here and the ISO C standard is unintentional. This volume of POSIX.1-2017 defers to the ISO C standard.
These functions shall compute the base 2 logarithm of their argument x, log2(x).
An application wishing to check for error situations should set errno to zero and call feclearexcept(FE_ALL_EXCEPT) before calling these functions. On return, if errno is non-zero or fetestexcept(FE_INVALID | FE_DIVBYZERO | FE_OVERFLOW | FE_UNDERFLOW) is non-zero, an error has occurred.
Upon successful completion, these functions shall return the base 2 logarithm of x.
If x is ±0, a pole error shall occur and log2(), log2f(), and log2l() shall return -HUGE_VAL, -HUGE_VALF, and -HUGE_VALL, respectively.
For finite values of x that are less than 0, [MX] or if x is -Inf, a domain error shall occur, and [MX] either a NaN (if supported), or an implementation-defined value shall be returned.
[MX] If x is NaN, a NaN shall be returned.
If x is 1, +0 shall be returned.
If x is +Inf, x shall be returned.
These functions shall fail if:
- Domain Error
- The finite value of x is less than zero, [MX] or x is -Inf.
If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) is non-zero, then errno shall be set to [EDOM]. If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) is non-zero, then the invalid floating-point exception shall be raised.
- Pole Error
- The value of x is zero.
If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) is non-zero, then errno shall be set to [ERANGE]. If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) is non-zero, then the divide-by-zero floating-point exception shall be raised.
On error, the expressions (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) and (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) are independent of each other, but at least one of them must be non-zero.
feclearexcept, fetestexcept, log
XBD Treatment of Error Conditions for Mathematical Functions, <math.h>
First released in Issue 6. Derived from the ISO/IEC 9899:1999 standard.
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