IEEE Std 1003.1, 2013 Edition

Copyright © 2001-2013 The IEEE and The Open Group

sinh, sinhf, sinhl - hyperbolic sine functions

#include <math.h>

double sinh(doublex);

float sinhf(floatx);

long double sinhl(long doublex);

^{[CX]}The functionality described on this reference page is aligned with the ISO C standard. Any conflict between the requirements described here and the ISO C standard is unintentional. This volume of POSIX.1-2008 defers to the ISO C standard.These functions shall compute the hyperbolic sine of their argument

x.An application wishing to check for error situations should set

errnoto zero and callfeclearexcept(FE_ALL_EXCEPT) before calling these functions. On return, iferrnois non-zero orfetestexcept(FE_INVALID | FE_DIVBYZERO | FE_OVERFLOW | FE_UNDERFLOW) is non-zero, an error has occurred.

Upon successful completion, these functions shall return the hyperbolic sine of

x.If the result would cause an overflow, a range error shall occur and ±HUGE_VAL, ±HUGE_VALF, and ±HUGE_VALL (with the same sign as

x) shall be returned as appropriate for the type of the function.

^{[MX]}Ifxis NaN, a NaN shall be returned.If

xis ±0 or ±Inf,xshall be returned.If

xis subnormal, a range error may occur

^{[MXX]}andxshould be returned.

^{[MX]}Ifxis not returned,sinh(),sinhf(), andsinhl() shall return an implementation-defined value no greater in magnitude than DBL_MIN, FLT_MIN, and LDBL_MIN, respectively.

These functions shall fail if:

- Range Error
- The result would cause an overflow.
If the integer expression (

math_errhandling& MATH_ERRNO) is non-zero, thenerrnoshall be set to [ERANGE]. If the integer expression (math_errhandling& MATH_ERREXCEPT) is non-zero, then the overflow floating-point exception shall be raised.These functions may fail if:

- Range Error
^{[MX]}The valuexis subnormal.If the integer expression (

math_errhandling& MATH_ERRNO) is non-zero, thenerrnoshall be set to [ERANGE]. If the integer expression (math_errhandling& MATH_ERREXCEPT) is non-zero, then the underflow floating-point exception shall be raised.

None.

On error, the expressions (

math_errhandling& MATH_ERRNO) and (math_errhandling& MATH_ERREXCEPT) are independent of each other, but at least one of them must be non-zero.

None.

None.

asinh,cosh,feclearexcept,fetestexcept,isnan,tanhXBD

Treatment of Error Conditions for Mathematical Functions,<math.h>

First released in Issue 1. Derived from Issue 1 of the SVID.

The DESCRIPTION is updated to indicate how an application should check for an error. This text was previously published in the APPLICATION USAGE section.

The

sinhf() andsinhl() functions are added for alignment with the ISO/IEC 9899:1999 standard.The DESCRIPTION, RETURN VALUE, ERRORS, and APPLICATION USAGE sections are revised to align with the ISO/IEC 9899:1999 standard.

IEC 60559:1989 standard floating-point extensions over the ISO/IEC 9899:1999 standard are marked.

POSIX.1-2008, Technical Corrigendum 1, XSH/TC1-2008/0587 [68] is applied.

return to top of page

POSIX ® is a registered Trademark of The IEEE.

Copyright © 2001-2013 The IEEE and The Open Group, All Rights Reserved

[ Main Index | XBD | XSH | XCU | XRAT ]