The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 7
IEEE Std 1003.1-2008, 2016 Edition
Copyright © 2001-2016 The IEEE and The Open Group


qsig - signal batch jobs


[OB BE] [Option Start] qsig [-s signal] job_identifier... [Option End]


To signal a batch job is to send a signal to the session leader of the batch job. A batch job is signaled by sending a request to the batch server that manages the batch job. The qsig utility is a user-accessible batch client that requests the signaling of a batch job.

The qsig utility shall signal those batch jobs for which a batch job_identifier is presented to the utility. The qsig utility shall not signal any batch jobs whose batch job_identifiers are not presented to the utility.

The qsig utility shall signal batch jobs in the order in which the corresponding batch job_identifiers are presented to the utility. If the qsig utility fails to process a batch job_identifier successfully, the utility shall proceed to process the remaining batch job_identifiers, if any.

The qsig utility shall signal batch jobs by sending a Signal Job Request to the batch server that manages the batch job.

For each successfully processed batch job_identifier, the qsig utility shall have received a completion reply to each Signal Job Request sent to a batch server at the time the utility exits.


The qsig utility shall conform to XBD Utility Syntax Guidelines .

The following option shall be supported by the implementation:

-s  signal
Define the signal to be sent to the batch job.

The qsig utility shall accept a signal option-argument that is either a symbolic signal name or an unsigned integer signal number (see the POSIX.1-1990 standard, Section The qsig utility shall accept signal names for which the SIG prefix has been omitted.

If the signal option-argument is a signal name, the qsig utility shall send that name.

If the signal option-argument is a number, the qsig utility shall send the signal value represented by the number.

If the -s option is not presented to the qsig utility, the utility shall send the signal SIGTERM to each signaled batch job.


The qsig utility shall accept one or more operands that conform to the syntax for a batch job_identifier (see Batch Job Identifier).


Not used.




The following environment variables shall affect the execution of qsig:

Provide a default value for the internationalization variables that are unset or null. (See XBD Internationalization Variables the precedence of internationalization variables used to determine the values of locale categories.)
If set to a non-empty string value, override the values of all the other internationalization variables.
Determine the locale for the interpretation of sequences of bytes of text data as characters (for example, single-byte as opposed to multi-byte characters in arguments).
Determine the locale that should be used to affect the format and contents of diagnostic messages written to standard error.
Determine the login name of the user.




An implementation of the qsig utility may write informative messages to standard output.


The standard error shall be used only for diagnostic messages.






The following exit values shall be returned:

Successful completion.
An error occurred.


In addition to the default behavior, the qsig utility shall not be required to write a diagnostic message to standard error when the error reply received from a batch server indicates that the batch job_identifier does not exist on the server. Whether or not the qsig utility waits to output the diagnostic message while attempting to locate the batch job on other servers is implementation-defined.

The following sections are informative.






The qsig utility allows users to signal batch jobs.

A user may be unable to signal a batch job with the kill utility of the operating system for a number of reasons. First, the process ID of the batch job may be unknown to the user. Second, the processes of the batch job may be on a remote node. However, by virtue of communication between batch nodes, the qsig utility can arrange for the signaling of a process.

Because a batch job that is not running cannot be signaled, and because the signal may not terminate the batch job, the qsig utility is not a substitute for the qdel utility.

The options of the qsig utility allow the user to specify the signal that is to be sent to the batch job.

The -s option allows users to specify a signal by name or by number, and thus override the default signal. The POSIX.1-1990 standard defines signals by both name and number.

The qsig utility is a new utility, vis-a-vis existing practice; it has been defined in this volume of POSIX.1-2008 in response to user-perceived shortcomings in existing practice.


The qsig utility may be removed in a future version.


Batch Environment Services, kill, qdel

XBD Environment Variables, Utility Syntax Guidelines


Derived from IEEE Std 1003.2d-1994.

Issue 6

The LC_TIME and TZ entries are removed from the ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES section.

Issue 7

The qsig utility is marked obsolescent.

SD5-XCU-ERN-97 is applied, updating the SYNOPSIS.

End of informative text.


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