pthread_rwlock_destroy, pthread_rwlock_init - destroy and initialize a read-write lock object
[THR] #include <pthread.h>
int pthread_rwlock_destroy(pthread_rwlock_t *rwlock);
int pthread_rwlock_init(pthread_rwlock_t *restrict rwlock,
const pthread_rwlockattr_t *restrict attr);
The pthread_rwlock_destroy() function shall destroy the read-write lock object referenced by rwlock and release any resources used by the lock. The effect of subsequent use of the lock is undefined until the lock is reinitialized by another call to pthread_rwlock_init(). An implementation may cause pthread_rwlock_destroy() to set the object referenced by rwlock to an invalid value. Results are undefined if pthread_rwlock_destroy() is called when any thread holds rwlock. Attempting to destroy an uninitialized read-write lock results in undefined behavior.
The pthread_rwlock_init() function shall allocate any resources required to use the read-write lock referenced by rwlock and initializes the lock to an unlocked state with attributes referenced by attr. If attr is NULL, the default read-write lock attributes shall be used; the effect is the same as passing the address of a default read-write lock attributes object. Once initialized, the lock can be used any number of times without being reinitialized. Results are undefined if pthread_rwlock_init() is called specifying an already initialized read-write lock. Results are undefined if a read-write lock is used without first being initialized.
If the pthread_rwlock_init() function fails, rwlock shall not be initialized and the contents of rwlock are undefined.
Only the object referenced by rwlock may be used for performing synchronization. The result of referring to copies of that object in calls to pthread_rwlock_destroy(), pthread_rwlock_rdlock(), pthread_rwlock_timedrdlock(), pthread_rwlock_timedwrlock(), pthread_rwlock_tryrdlock(), pthread_rwlock_trywrlock(), pthread_rwlock_unlock(), or pthread_rwlock_wrlock() is undefined.
If successful, the pthread_rwlock_destroy() and pthread_rwlock_init() functions shall return zero; otherwise, an error number shall be returned to indicate the error.
The [EBUSY] and [EINVAL] error checks, if implemented, act as if they were performed immediately at the beginning of processing for the function and caused an error return prior to modifying the state of the read-write lock specified by rwlock.
The pthread_rwlock_destroy() function may fail if:
- The implementation has detected an attempt to destroy the object referenced by rwlock while it is locked.
- The value specified by rwlock is invalid.
The pthread_rwlock_init() function shall fail if:
- The system lacked the necessary resources (other than memory) to initialize another read-write lock.
- Insufficient memory exists to initialize the read-write lock.
- The caller does not have the privilege to perform the operation.
The pthread_rwlock_init() function may fail if:
- The implementation has detected an attempt to reinitialize the object referenced by rwlock, a previously initialized but not yet destroyed read-write lock.
- The value specified by attr is invalid.
These functions shall not return an error code of [EINTR].
Applications using these and related read-write lock functions may be subject to priority inversion, as discussed in the Base Definitions volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, Section 3.285, Priority Inversion.
pthread_rwlock_rdlock(), pthread_rwlock_timedrdlock(), pthread_rwlock_timedwrlock(), pthread_rwlock_tryrdlock(), pthread_rwlock_trywrlock(), pthread_rwlock_unlock(), pthread_rwlock_wrlock(), the Base Definitions volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, <pthread.h>
First released in Issue 5.
The following changes are made for alignment with IEEE Std 1003.1j-2000:
The margin code in the SYNOPSIS is changed to THR to indicate that the functionality is now part of the Threads option (previously it was part of the Read-Write Locks option in IEEE Std 1003.1j-2000 and also part of the XSI extension). The initializer macro is also deleted from the SYNOPSIS.
The DESCRIPTION is updated as follows:
It explicitly notes allocation of resources upon initialization of a read-write lock object.
A paragraph is added specifying that copies of read-write lock objects may not be used.
An [EINVAL] error is added to the ERRORS section for pthread_rwlock_init(), indicating that the rwlock value is invalid.
The SEE ALSO section is updated.
The restrict keyword is added to the pthread_rwlock_init() prototype for alignment with the ISO/IEC 9899:1999 standard.
IEEE Std 1003.1-2001/Cor 1-2002, item XSH/TC1/D6/45 is applied, adding APPLICATION USAGE relating to priority inversion.