The Single UNIX ® Specification, Version 2
Copyright © 1997 The Open Group


mkstemp - make a unique file name


#include <stdlib.h>

int mkstemp(char *template);


The mkstemp() function replaces the contents of the string pointed to by template by a unique file name, and returns a file descriptor for the file open for reading and writing. The function thus prevents any possible race condition between testing whether the file exists and opening it for use. The string in template should look like a file name with six trailing 'X's; mkstemp() replaces each 'X' with a character from the portable file name character set. The characters are chosen such that the resulting name does not duplicate the name of an existing file.


Upon successful completion, mkstemp() returns an open file descriptor. Otherwise -1 is returned if no suitable file could be created.


No errors are defined.




It is possible to run out of letters.

The mkstemp() function need not check to determine whether the file name part of template exceeds the maximum allowable file name length.

For portability with previous versions of this document, tmpfile() is preferred over this function.




getpid(), open(), tmpfile(), tmpnam(), <stdlib.h>.

UNIX ® is a registered Trademark of The Open Group.
Copyright © 1997 The Open Group
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