The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 7
IEEE Std 1003.1-2008
Copyright © 2001-2008 The IEEE and The Open Group


sched.h - execution scheduling


#include <sched.h>


[PS] [Option Start] The <sched.h> header shall define the pid_t type as described in <sys/types.h>. [Option End]

[SS|TSP] [Option Start] The <sched.h> header shall define the time_t type as described in <sys/types.h>. [Option End]

The <sched.h> header shall define the timespec structure as described in <time.h>.

The <sched.h> header shall define the sched_param structure, which shall include the scheduling parameters required for implementation of each supported scheduling policy. This structure shall include at least the following member:

int       sched_priority        Process or thread execution scheduling priority. 

[SS|TSP] [Option Start] The sched_param structure defined in <sched.h> shall include the following members in addition to those specified above:

int             sched_ss_low_priority Low scheduling priority for 
                                      sporadic server. 
struct timespec sched_ss_repl_period  Replenishment period for 
                                      sporadic server. 
struct timespec sched_ss_init_budget  Initial budget for sporadic server. 
int             sched_ss_max_repl     Maximum pending replenishments for 
                                      sporadic server. 

[Option End]

Each process or thread is controlled by an associated scheduling policy and priority. Associated with each policy is a priority range. Each policy definition specifies the minimum priority range for that policy. The priority ranges for each policy may overlap the priority ranges of other policies.

Four scheduling policies are defined; others may be defined by the implementation. The four standard policies are indicated by the values of the following symbolic constants:

[PS|TPS] [Option Start] First in-first out (FIFO) scheduling policy. [Option End]
[PS|TPS] [Option Start] Round robin scheduling policy. [Option End]
[SS|TSP] [Option Start] Sporadic server scheduling policy. [Option End]
[PS|TPS] [Option Start] Another scheduling policy. [Option End]

The values of these constants are distinct.

The following shall be declared as functions and may also be defined as macros. Function prototypes shall be provided.

[PS|TPS][Option Start]
int    sched_get_priority_max(int);
int    sched_get_priority_min(int);
[Option End]
[PS][Option Start]
int    sched_getparam(pid_t, struct sched_param *);
int    sched_getscheduler(pid_t);
[Option End]
[PS|TPS][Option Start]
int    sched_rr_get_interval(pid_t, struct timespec *);
[Option End]
[PS][Option Start]
int    sched_setparam(pid_t, const struct sched_param *);
int    sched_setscheduler(pid_t, int, const struct sched_param *);
[Option End]
int    sched_yield(void);

Inclusion of the <sched.h> header may make visible all symbols from the <time.h> header.

The following sections are informative.








<sys/types.h> , <time.h>

XSH sched_get_priority_max , sched_getparam , sched_getscheduler , sched_rr_get_interval , sched_setparam , sched_setscheduler , sched_yield


First released in Issue 5. Included for alignment with the POSIX Realtime Extension.

Issue 6

The <sched.h> header is marked as part of the Process Scheduling option.

Sporadic server members are added to the sched_param structure, and the SCHED_SPORADIC scheduling policy is added for alignment with IEEE Std 1003.1d-1999.

IEEE PASC Interpretation 1003.1 #108 is applied, correcting the sched_param structure whose members sched_ss_repl_period and sched_ss_init_budget should be type struct timespec and not timespec.

Symbols from <time.h> may be made visible when <sched.h> is included.

IEEE Std 1003.1-2001/Cor 1-2002, items XSH/TC1/D6/52 and XSH/TC1/D6/53 are applied, aligning the function prototype shading and margin codes with the System Interfaces volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001.

IEEE Std 1003.1-2001/Cor 2-2004, item XBD/TC2/D6/23 is applied, updating the DESCRIPTION to differentiate between thread and process execution.

Issue 7

SD5-XBD-ERN-13 is applied.

Austin Group Interpretation 1003.1-2001 #064 is applied, correcting the options markings.

The <sched.h> headers is moved from the Threads option to the Base.

Declarations for the pid_t and time_t types and the timespec structure are added.

End of informative text.


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