IEEE Std 1003.1-2008

Copyright © 2001-2008 The IEEE and The Open Group

ceil, ceilf, ceill - ceiling value function

#include <math.h>

double ceil(doublex);

float ceilf(floatx);

long double ceill(long doublex);

^{[CX]}The functionality described on this reference page is aligned with the ISO C standard. Any conflict between the requirements described here and the ISO C standard is unintentional. This volume of POSIX.1-2008 defers to the ISO C standard.These functions shall compute the smallest integral value not less than

x.An application wishing to check for error situations should set

errnoto zero and callfeclearexcept(FE_ALL_EXCEPT) before calling these functions. On return, iferrnois non-zero orfetestexcept(FE_INVALID | FE_DIVBYZERO | FE_OVERFLOW | FE_UNDERFLOW) is non-zero, an error has occurred.

Upon successful completion,

ceil(),ceilf(), andceill() shall return the smallest integral value not less thanx, expressed as a typedouble,float, orlong double, respectively.

^{[MX]}Ifxis NaN, a NaN shall be returned.If

xis ±0 or ±Inf,xshall be returned.

^{[XSI]}If the correct value would cause overflow, a range error shall occur andceil(),ceilf(), andceill() shall return the value of the macro HUGE_VAL, HUGE_VALF, and HUGE_VALL, respectively.

These functions shall fail if:

- Range Error
^{[XSI]}The result overflows.If the integer expression (

math_errhandling& MATH_ERRNO) is non-zero, thenerrnoshall be set to [ERANGE]. If the integer expression (math_errhandling& MATH_ERREXCEPT) is non-zero, then the overflow floating-point exception shall be raised.

None.

The integral value returned by these functions need not be expressible as an

intorlong. The return value should be tested before assigning it to an integer type to avoid the undefined results of an integer overflow.The

ceil() function can only overflow when the floating-point representation has DBL_MANT_DIG > DBL_MAX_EXP.On error, the expressions (

math_errhandling& MATH_ERRNO) and (math_errhandling& MATH_ERREXCEPT) are independent of each other, but at least one of them must be non-zero.

None.

None.

feclearexcept,fetestexcept,floor,isnanXBD

Treatment of Error Conditions for Mathematical Functions,<math.h>

First released in Issue 1. Derived from Issue 1 of the SVID.

The DESCRIPTION is updated to indicate how an application should check for an error. This text was previously published in the APPLICATION USAGE section.

The

ceilf() andceill() functions are added for alignment with the ISO/IEC 9899:1999 standard.The DESCRIPTION, RETURN VALUE, ERRORS, and APPLICATION USAGE sections are revised to align with the ISO/IEC 9899:1999 standard.

IEC 60559:1989 standard floating-point extensions over the ISO/IEC 9899:1999 standard are marked.

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