getppid - get the parent process ID
The getppid() function shall return the parent process ID of the calling process.
The getppid() function shall always be successful and no return value is reserved to indicate an error.
No errors are defined.
exec, fork, getpgid, getpgrp, getpid, kill, setpgid, setsid
XBD <sys/types.h>, <unistd.h>
First released in Issue 1. Derived from Issue 1 of the SVID.
In the SYNOPSIS, the optional include of the <sys/types.h> header is removed.
The following new requirements on POSIX implementations derive from alignment with the Single UNIX Specification:
The requirement to include <sys/types.h> has been removed. Although <sys/types.h> was required for conforming implementations of previous POSIX specifications, it was not required for UNIX applications.
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