tty - return user's terminal name
The tty utility shall write to the standard output the name of the terminal that is open as standard input. The name that is used shall be equivalent to the string that would be returned by the ttyname() function defined in the System Interfaces volume of POSIX.1-2017.
The tty utility shall conform to XBD Utility Syntax Guidelines .
While no input is read from standard input, standard input shall be examined to determine whether or not it is a terminal, and, if so, to determine the name of the terminal.
The following environment variables shall affect the execution of tty:
- Provide a default value for the internationalization variables that are unset or null. (See XBD Internationalization Variables for the precedence of internationalization variables used to determine the values of locale categories.)
- If set to a non-empty string value, override the values of all the other internationalization variables.
- Determine the locale for the interpretation of sequences of bytes of text data as characters (for example, single-byte as opposed to multi-byte characters in arguments).
- Determine the locale that should be used to affect the format and contents of diagnostic messages written to standard error and informative messages written to standard output.
- [XSI] Determine the location of message catalogs for the processing of LC_MESSAGES.
If standard input is a terminal device, a pathname of the terminal as specified by the ttyname() function defined in the System Interfaces volume of POSIX.1-2017 shall be written in the following format:"%s\n", <terminal name>
Otherwise, a message shall be written indicating that standard input is not connected to a terminal. In the POSIX locale, the tty utility shall use the format:"not a tty\n"
The standard error shall be used only for diagnostic messages.
The following exit values shall be returned:
- Standard input is a terminal.
- Standard input is not a terminal.
- An error occurred.
This utility checks the status of the file open as standard input against that of an implementation-defined set of files. It is possible that no match can be found, or that the match found need not be the same file as that which was opened for standard input (although they are the same device).
XBD Environment Variables, Utility Syntax Guidelines
XSH isatty, ttyname
First released in Issue 2.
The SYNOPSIS is changed to indicate two forms of the command, with the second form marked as obsolete. This is a clarification and does not change the functionality published in previous issues.
The obsolescent -s option is removed.
return to top of page