gmtime, gmtime_r - convert a time value to a broken-down UTC time
struct tm *gmtime(const time_t *timer);
[CX] struct tm *gmtime_r(const time_t *restrict timer,
struct tm *restrict result);
For gmtime(): [CX] The functionality described on this reference page is aligned with the ISO C standard. Any conflict between the requirements described here and the ISO C standard is unintentional. This volume of POSIX.1-2017 defers to the ISO C standard.
The gmtime() function shall convert the time in seconds since the Epoch pointed to by timer into a broken-down time, expressed as Coordinated Universal Time (UTC).
[CX] The relationship between a time in seconds since the Epoch used as an argument to gmtime() and the tm structure (defined in the <time.h> header) is that the result shall be as specified in the expression given in the definition of seconds since the Epoch (see XBD Seconds Since the Epoch), where the names in the structure and in the expression correspond.
The same relationship shall apply for gmtime_r().
The gmtime() function need not be thread-safe.
The asctime(), ctime(), gmtime(), and localtime() functions shall return values in one of two static objects: a broken-down time structure and an array of type char. Execution of any of the functions may overwrite the information returned in either of these objects by any of the other functions.
The gmtime_r() function shall convert the time in seconds since the Epoch pointed to by timer into a broken-down time expressed as Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). The broken-down time is stored in the structure referred to by result. The gmtime_r() function shall also return the address of the same structure.
Upon successful completion, the gmtime() function shall return a pointer to a struct tm. If an error is detected, gmtime() shall return a null pointer [CX] and set errno to indicate the error.
Upon successful completion, gmtime_r() shall return the address of the structure pointed to by the argument result. If an error is detected, gmtime_r() shall return a null pointer and set errno to indicate the error.
The gmtime() [CX] and gmtime_r() functions shall fail if:
- [CX] The result cannot be represented.
The gmtime_r() function is thread-safe and returns values in a user-supplied buffer instead of possibly using a static data area that may be overwritten by each call.
asctime, clock, ctime, difftime, localtime, mktime, strftime, strptime, time, utime
XBD Seconds Since the Epoch, <time.h>
First released in Issue 1. Derived from Issue 1 of the SVID.
A note indicating that the gmtime() function need not be reentrant is added to the DESCRIPTION.
The gmtime_r() function is included for alignment with the POSIX Threads Extension.
The gmtime_r() function is marked as part of the Thread-Safe Functions option.
Extensions beyond the ISO C standard are marked.
The APPLICATION USAGE section is updated to include a note on the thread-safe function and its avoidance of possibly using a static data area.
The restrict keyword is added to the gmtime_r() prototype for alignment with the ISO/IEC 9899:1999 standard.
IEEE Std 1003.1-2001/Cor 1-2002, item XSH/TC1/D6/27 is applied, adding the [EOVERFLOW] error.
IEEE Std 1003.1-2001/Cor 2-2004, item XSH/TC2/D6/48 is applied, updating the error handling for gmtime_r().
Austin Group Interpretation 1003.1-2001 #156 is applied.
The gmtime_r() function is moved from the Thread-Safe Functions option to the Base.
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