sem_close - close a named semaphore
int sem_close(sem_t *sem);
The sem_close() function shall indicate that the calling process is finished using the named semaphore indicated by sem. The effects of calling sem_close() for an unnamed semaphore (one created by sem_init()) are undefined. The sem_close() function shall deallocate (that is, make available for reuse by a subsequent sem_open() by this process) any system resources allocated by the system for use by this process for this semaphore. The effect of subsequent use of the semaphore indicated by sem by this process is undefined. If any threads in the calling process are currently blocked on the semaphore, the behavior is undefined. If the semaphore has not been removed with a successful call to sem_unlink(), then sem_close() has no effect on the state of the semaphore. If the sem_unlink() function has been successfully invoked for name after the most recent call to sem_open() with O_CREAT for this semaphore, then when all processes that have opened the semaphore close it, the semaphore is no longer accessible.
Upon successful completion, a value of zero shall be returned. Otherwise, a value of -1 shall be returned and errno set to indicate the error.
The sem_close() function may fail if:
- The sem argument is not a valid semaphore descriptor.
semctl, semget, semop, sem_init, sem_open, sem_unlink
First released in Issue 5. Included for alignment with the POSIX Realtime Extension.
The sem_close() function is marked as part of the Semaphores option.
The [ENOSYS] error condition has been removed as stubs need not be provided if an implementation does not support the Semaphores option.
IEEE Std 1003.1-2001/Cor 2-2004, item XSH/TC2/D6/113 is applied, updating the ERRORS section so that the [EINVAL] error becomes optional.
The sem_close() function is moved from the Semaphores option to the Base.
POSIX.1-2008, Technical Corrigendum 1, XSH/TC1-2008/0523  is applied.
POSIX.1-2008, Technical Corrigendum 2, XSH/TC2-2008/0317  is applied.
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