The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 7, 2018 edition
IEEE Std 1003.1-2017 (Revision of IEEE Std 1003.1-2008)
Copyright © 2001-2018 IEEE and The Open Group

NAME

lgamma, lgammaf, lgammal, signgam - log gamma function

SYNOPSIS

#include <math.h>

double lgamma(double
x);
float lgammaf(float
x);
long double lgammal(long double
x);

[XSI] [Option Start] extern int signgam; [Option End]

DESCRIPTION

[CX] [Option Start] The functionality described on this reference page is aligned with the ISO C standard. Any conflict between the requirements described here and the ISO C standard is unintentional. This volume of POSIX.1-2017 defers to the ISO C standard. [Option End]

These functions shall compute

The argument x need not be a non-positive integer ( is defined over the reals, except the non-positive integers).

[XSI] [Option Start] If x is NaN, -Inf, or a negative integer, the value of signgam is unspecified. [Option End]

[CX] [Option Start] These functions need not be thread-safe. [Option End]

An application wishing to check for error situations should set errno to zero and call feclearexcept(FE_ALL_EXCEPT) before calling these functions. On return, if errno is non-zero or fetestexcept(FE_INVALID | FE_DIVBYZERO | FE_OVERFLOW | FE_UNDERFLOW) is non-zero, an error has occurred.

RETURN VALUE

Upon successful completion, these functions shall return the logarithmic gamma of x.

If x is a non-positive integer, a pole error shall occur and lgamma(), lgammaf(), and lgammal() shall return +HUGE_VAL, +HUGE_VALF, and +HUGE_VALL, respectively.

If the correct value would cause overflow, a range error shall occur and lgamma(), lgammaf(), and lgammal() shall return ±HUGE_VAL, ±HUGE_VALF, and ±HUGE_VALL (having the same sign as the correct value), respectively.

[MX] [Option Start] If x is NaN, a NaN shall be returned.

If x is 1 or 2, +0 shall be returned.

If x is ±Inf, +Inf shall be returned. [Option End]

ERRORS

These functions shall fail if:

Pole Error
The x argument is a negative integer or zero.

If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) is non-zero, then errno shall be set to [ERANGE]. If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) is non-zero, then the divide-by-zero floating-point exception shall be raised.

Range Error
The result overflows.

If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) is non-zero, then errno shall be set to [ERANGE]. If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) is non-zero, then the overflow floating-point exception shall be raised.


The following sections are informative.

EXAMPLES

None.

APPLICATION USAGE

On error, the expressions (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) and (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) are independent of each other, but at least one of them must be non-zero.

RATIONALE

None.

FUTURE DIRECTIONS

None.

SEE ALSO

exp, feclearexcept, fetestexcept, isnan

XBD Treatment of Error Conditions for Mathematical Functions, <math.h>

CHANGE HISTORY

First released in Issue 3.

Issue 5

The DESCRIPTION is updated to indicate how an application should check for an error. This text was previously published in the APPLICATION USAGE section.

A note indicating that this function need not be reentrant is added to the DESCRIPTION.

Issue 6

The lgamma() function is no longer marked as an extension.

The lgammaf() and lgammal() functions are added for alignment with the ISO/IEC 9899:1999 standard.

The DESCRIPTION, RETURN VALUE, ERRORS, and APPLICATION USAGE sections are revised to align with the ISO/IEC 9899:1999 standard.

IEC 60559:1989 standard floating-point extensions over the ISO/IEC 9899:1999 standard are marked.

Functionality relating to the XSI option is marked.

Issue 7

Austin Group Interpretation 1003.1-2001 #156 is applied.

The DESCRIPTION is clarified regarding the value of signgam when x is Nan, -Inf, or a negative integer.

End of informative text.

 

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