daylight, timezone, tzname, tzset - set timezone conversion information
[XSI] extern int daylight;
extern long timezone;
[CX] extern char *tzname;
The tzset() function shall use the value of the environment variable TZ to set time conversion information used by ctime, localtime, mktime, and strftime. If TZ is absent from the environment, implementation-defined default timezone information shall be used.
The tzset() function shall set the external variable tzname as follows:tzname = "std"; tzname = "dst";
where std and dst are as described in XBD Environment Variables.
[XSI] The tzset() function also shall set the external variable daylight to 0 if Daylight Savings Time conversions should never be applied for the timezone in use; otherwise, non-zero. The external variable timezone shall be set to the difference, in seconds, between Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) and local standard time.
If a thread accesses tzname, [XSI] daylight, or timezone directly while another thread is in a call to tzset(), or to any function that is required or allowed to set timezone information as if by calling tzset(), the behavior is undefined.
The tzset() function shall not return a value.
No errors are defined.
Example TZ variables and their timezone differences are given in the table below:
Since the ctime(), localtime(), mktime(), strftime(), and strftime_l() functions are required to set timezone information as if by calling tzset(), there is no need for an explicit tzset() call before using these functions. However, portable applications should call tzset() explicitly before using ctime_r() or localtime_r() because setting timezone information is optional for those functions.
ctime, localtime, mktime, strftime
XBD Environment Variables, <time.h>
First released in Issue 1. Derived from Issue 1 of the SVID.
The example is corrected.
POSIX.1-2008, Technical Corrigendum 2, XSH/TC2-2008/0377  is applied.
return to top of page