The Open Group

The Open Group is a global consortium that enables the achievement of business objectives through technology standards. With more than 870 member organizations, we have a diverse membership that spans all sectors of the technology community – customers, systems and solutions suppliers, tool vendors, integrators and consultants, as well as academics and researchers.

The mission of The Open Group is to drive the creation of Boundaryless Information Flow™ achieved by:

Further information on The Open Group is available at

The Open Group publishes a wide range of technical documentation, most of which is focused on development of Standards and Guides, but which also includes white papers, technical studies, certification and testing documentation, and business titles. Full details and a catalog are available at

The TOGAF® Standard, a Standard of The Open Group

The TOGAF Standard is a proven enterprise methodology and framework used by the world’s leading organizations to improve business efficiency.

This Document

This document is a TOGAF® Series Guide: A Practitioners’ Approach to Developing Enterprise Architecture Following the TOGAF® ADM. It has been developed and approved by The Open Group.

About the TOGAF® Series Guides

The TOGAF® Series Guides contain guidance on how to use the TOGAF Standard and how to adapt it to fulfill specific needs.

The TOGAF® Series Guides are expected to be the most rapidly developing part of the TOGAF Standard and are positioned as the guidance part of the standard. While the TOGAF Fundamental Content is expected to be long-lived and stable, guidance on the use of the TOGAF Standard can be industry, architectural style, purpose, and problem-specific. For example, the stakeholders, concerns, views, and supporting models required to support the transformation of an extended enterprise may be significantly different than those used to support the transition of an in-house IT environment to the cloud; both will use the Architecture Development Method (ADM), start with an Architecture Vision, and develop a Target Architecture on the way to an Implementation and Migration Plan. The TOGAF Fundamental Content remains the essential scaffolding across industry, domain, and style.


ArchiMate, DirecNet, Making Standards Work, Open O logo, Open O and Check Certification logo, Platform 3.0, The Open Group, TOGAF, UNIX, UNIXWARE, and the Open Brand X logo are registered trademarks and Boundaryless Information Flow, Build with Integrity Buy with Confidence, Commercial Aviation Reference Architecture, Dependability Through Assuredness, Digital Practitioner Body of Knowledge, DPBoK, EMMM, FACE, the FACE logo, FHIM Profile Builder, the FHIM logo, FPB, Future Airborne Capability Environment, IT4IT, the IT4IT logo, O-AA, O-DEF, O-HERA, O-PAS, Open Agile Architecture, Open FAIR, Open Footprint, Open Process Automation, Open Subsurface Data Universe, Open Trusted Technology Provider, OSDU, Sensor Integration Simplified, SOSA, and the SOSA logo are trademarks of The Open Group.

UML is a registered trademark and BMM, BPMN, Business Motivation Model, Business Process Modeling Notation, and Unified Modeling Language are trademarks of the Object Management Group, Inc. in the United States and/or other countries.

All other brands, company, and product names are used for identification purposes only and may be trademarks that are the sole property of their respective owners.

About the Authors

(Please note affiliations were current at the time of approval.)

Dave Hornford, Conexiam

Dave Hornford is Conexiam’s Managing Partner and leads Conexiam’s Boston practice. Dave serves on the board of trustees of The SABSA® Institute. He is the former Chair of The Open Group Architecture Forum and was a key contributor to the TOGAF® 9 standard. Based in North America, he works in a variety of industries including financial services, oil and gas, technology, and capital-intensive industry. Typically, he helps clients develop and execute a roadmap to transform.

Nathan Hornford, Conexiam

Nathan Hornford is a management consultant and ABACUS Certified Architect and Designer. Nathan is based in Canada. Nathan works with all of Conexiam’s practices to provide consistent architecture methods and tools that address the client’s change needs.

Sriram Sabesan, Conexiam

Sriram Sabesan is a Certified Distinguished Architect, certified by The Open Group. Based in North America, he specializes in technology, manufacturing, telecommunication, and financial services industries. Sriram helps clients to develop and execute strategies in response to digital or economic disruptions. He is actively involved in development of different Open Group standards.

Sadie Scotch, Conexiam

Sadie Scotch is an Enterprise Architect. Sadie is based in the US and is a member of Conexiam’s Boston practice. Sadie specializes in governance, option analysis, and roadmap development. She helps clients to develop and govern change programs to address current Enterprise priorities.

Ken Street, Conexiam

Ken Street is an Enterprise Architect. Based in Canada, he leads Conexiam’s Governance and IT4IT™ initiatives. He is the current Vice-Chair of The Open Group Big Data project and is active within The Open Group IT4IT™ and Open Platform 3.0™ Forums. He works primarily in financial services and oil and gas, helping clients to develop their EA Capability, improve their IT organization, and execute architecture-driven change programs.

Samantha Toder, Conexiam

Samantha Toder is a management consultant and ABACUS Certified Architect and Designer. Sam is based in the US. She helps clients to develop in-house EA Capability and execute complex transformation programs in the financial services industry.


The Open Group gratefully acknowledges the authors and also past and present members of The Open Group Architecture Forum for their contribution in the development of this Guide.

Referenced Documents

The following documents are referenced in this TOGAF® Series Guide:

Suggested Reading

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