The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 7
IEEE Std 1003.1-2008, 2016 Edition
Copyright © 2001-2016 The IEEE and The Open Group


locale.h - category macros


#include <locale.h>


[CX] [Option Start] Some of the functionality described on this reference page extends the ISO C standard. Applications shall define the appropriate feature test macro (see XSH The Compilation Environment ) to enable the visibility of these symbols in this header. [Option End]

The <locale.h> header shall define the lconv structure, which shall include at least the following members. (See the definitions of LC_MONETARY in LC_MONETARY and LC_NUMERIC.)

char    *currency_symbol
char    *decimal_point
char     frac_digits
char    *grouping
char    *int_curr_symbol
char     int_frac_digits
char     int_n_cs_precedes
char     int_n_sep_by_space
char     int_n_sign_posn
char     int_p_cs_precedes
char     int_p_sep_by_space
char     int_p_sign_posn
char    *mon_decimal_point
char    *mon_grouping
char    *mon_thousands_sep
char    *negative_sign
char     n_cs_precedes
char     n_sep_by_space
char     n_sign_posn
char    *positive_sign
char     p_cs_precedes
char     p_sep_by_space
char     p_sign_posn
char    *thousands_sep

The <locale.h> header shall define NULL (as described in <stddef.h>) and at least the following as macros:

[CX] [Option Start]
[Option End]

which shall expand to integer constant expressions with distinct values for use as the first argument to the setlocale() function.

Additional macro definitions, beginning with the characters LC_ and an uppercase letter, may also be specified by the implementation.

[CX] [Option Start] The <locale.h> header shall contain at least the following macros representing bitmasks for use with the newlocale() function for each supported locale category: LC_COLLATE_MASK LC_CTYPE_MASK LC_MESSAGES_MASK LC_MONETARY_MASK LC_NUMERIC_MASK LC_TIME_MASK

In addition, a macro to set the bits for all categories set shall be defined: LC_ALL_MASK

The <locale.h> header shall define LC_GLOBAL_LOCALE, a special locale object descriptor used by the duplocale() and uselocale() functions.

The <locale.h> header shall define the locale_t type, representing a locale object. [Option End]

The following shall be declared as functions and may also be defined as macros. Function prototypes shall be provided for use with ISO C standard compilers.

[CX][Option Start]
locale_t      duplocale(locale_t);
void          freelocale(locale_t);
[Option End]
struct lconv *localeconv(void);
[CX][Option Start]
locale_t      newlocale(int, const char *, locale_t);
[Option End]
char         *setlocale(int, const char *);
[CX][Option Start]
locale_t      uselocale (locale_t);
[Option End]

The following sections are informative.




It is suggested that each category macro name for use in setlocale() have a corresponding macro name ending in _MASK for use in newlocale().




Environment Variables, <stddef.h>

XSH duplocale, freelocale , localeconv, newlocale, setlocale, uselocale


First released in Issue 3.

Included for alignment with the ISO C standard.

Issue 6

The lconv structure is expanded with new members (int_n_cs_precedes, int_n_sep_by_space, int_n_sign_posn, int_p_cs_precedes, int_p_sep_by_space, and int_p_sign_posn) for alignment with the ISO/IEC 9899:1999 standard.

Extensions beyond the ISO C standard are marked.

Issue 7

The duplocale(), freelocale(), newlocale(), and uselocale() functions are added from The Open Group Technical Standard, 2006, Extended API Set Part 4.

This reference page is clarified with respect to macros and symbolic constants.

POSIX.1-2008, Technical Corrigendum 1, XBD/TC1-2008/0060 [301,427] is applied.

POSIX.1-2008, Technical Corrigendum 2, XBD/TC2-2008/0062 [781] is applied.

End of informative text.


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