ArchiMate® 1.0 Specification
ArchiMate is a registered trademark of The Open Group



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This Document

This document is the Technical Standard for the ArchiMate 1.0 Specification. It has been developed and approved by The Open Group.


Boundaryless Information Flow and TOGAF are trademarks and Making Standards Work, The Open Group, UNIX, and the X device are registered trademarks of The Open Group in the United States and other countries.

ArchiMate is a registered trademark of The Open Group.

Java is a trademark of Sun Microsystems, Inc. in the United States and other countries.

MDA, Model Driven Architecture, OMG, and UML are registered trademarks and BPMN, Business Process Modeling Notation, MOF, and Unified Modeling Language are trademarks of the Object Management Group.

Telelogic is a trademark of Telelogic AB.

The Open Group acknowledges that there may be other brand, company, and product names used in this document that may be covered by trademark protection and advises the reader to verify them independently.


The Open Group gratefully acknowledges the contribution of the following people in the development of this Technical Standard:

*         Maria-Eugenia Iacob, University of Twente

*         Henk Jonkers, BiZZdesign BV

*         Marc M. Lankhorst, Telematica Instituut*

*         Erik Proper, Radboud University Nijmegen & Capgemini

The results presented in this Technical Standard have largely been produced during the ArchiMate project, and The Open Group gratefully acknowledges the contribution of the many people former members of the project team who have contributed to them.

The ArchiMate project comprised the following organizations:

*         ABN AMRO

*         Centrum voor Wiskunde en Informatica

*         Dutch Tax and Customs Administration

*         Leiden Institute of Advanced Computer Science

*         Ordina

*         Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen

*         Stichting Pensioenfonds ABP

*         Telematica Instituut[*]

The Open Group and ArchiMate project team would like to thank in particular the following individuals for their support and contribution to this Technical Standard:

*         The Board members of the ArchiMate Foundation

*         Mary Beijleveld, UWV

*         Adrian Campbell, Ingenia Consulting

*         Jos van Hillegersberg, University of Twente

*         Andrew Josey, The Open Group

*         Louw Labuschagne, Real IRM

*         Daniel Moody, University of Twente

*         Henk Volbeda, Sogeti

*         Egon Willemsz, UWV

Referenced Documents

The following documents are referenced in this Technical Standard:

[1] Enterprise Architecture as Strategy, J.W. Ross, P. Well, D.C. Robertson, Harvard Business School Press, 2006.

[2] ISO/IEC 42010:2007, Systems and Software Engineering Recommended Practice for Architectural Description of Software-Intensive Systems, Edition 1.

[3] Enterprise Architecture at Work: Modeling, Communication, and Analysis, M.M. Lankhorst et al, Springer, 2005.

[4] The Open Group Architecture Framework TOGAF, Version 9, 2009.

[5] A Framework for Information Systems Architecture, J.A. Zachman, IBM Systems Journal, Volume 26, No. 3, pp. 276292, 1987.

[6] ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 7, Information Technology Open Distributed Processing Reference Model Enterprise Language, October 2006.

[7] ITU Recommendation X.901 | ISO/IEC 10746-1:1998, Information Technology Open Distributed Processing Reference Model Part 1: Overview, International Telecommunication Union, 1996.

[8] Unified Modeling Language: Infrastructure, Version 2.0 (formal/05-05-05), Object Management Group, March 2006.

[9] Extending and Formalizing the Framework for Information Systems Architecture, J.F. Sowa, J.A. Zachman,, IBM Systems Journal, Volume 31, No. 3, pp. 590‑616, 1992.

[10] Enterprise Ontology: Theory and Methodology, J.L.G. Dietz, Springer, 2006.

[11] Magic Quadrant for Enterprise Architecture Tools IQ06G, A. James, R.A. Handler, Gartner Research Report G00138197, 2006.

[12] Unified Modeling Language: Superstructure, Version 2.0 (formal/05-07-04), Object Management Group, August 2005.

[13] A Business Process Design Language, H. Eertink, W. Janssen, P. Oude Luttighuis, W. Teeuw, C. Vissers, in Proceedings of the First World Congress on Formal Methods, Toulouse, France, September 1999.

[14] Enterprise Business Architecture: The Formal Link between Strategy and Results, R. Whittle, C.B. Myrick, CRC Press, 2004.

[15] Composition of Relations in Enterprise Architecture, R.v. Buuren, H. Jonkers, M.E. Iacob, P. Strating, in Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Graph Transformation, pp. 3953, Edited by H. Ehrig et al, Rome, Italy, 2004.

[16] Viewpoints: A Framework for Integrating Multiple Perspectives in System Development, A. Finkelstein, J. Kramer, B. Nuseibeh, L. Finkelstein, M. Goedicke, in International Journal on Software Engineering and Knowledge Engineering, Volume 2, No. 1, pp. 3158, 1992.

[17] Viewpoints for Requirements Definition, G. Kotonya, I. Sommerville, IEE/BCS Software Engineering Journal, Volume 7, No. 6, pp. 375387, November 1992.

[18] Paradigm Shift The New Promise of Information Technology, D. Tapscott, A. Caston, New York: McGraw-Hill, 1993.

[19] The 4+1 View Model of Architecture, P.B. Kruchten, IEEE Software, Volume 12, No. 6, pp. 4250, 1995.

[20] Model-Driven Architecture: Applying MDA to Enterprise Computing, D. Frankel, Wiley, 2003.

[21] Performance and Cost Analysis of Service-Oriented Enterprise Architectures, H. Jonkers, M. E. Iacob, in Global Implications of Modern Enterprise Information Systems: Technologies and Applications, Edited by A. Gunasekaran, IGI Global, 2009.

[22] A Model-Driven Approach for the Rule-Based Specification of Services, M.E. Iacob, H. Jonkers, in Proceedings of the 12th IEEE International EDOC Conference, Munich, Germany, September 2008.

[23] Petri Nets: Properties, Analysis, and Applications, T. Murata, in Proceedings of the IEEE, Volume 77, No. 4, pp. 541580, April 1989.

[24] Business Dynamics: Systems Thinking and Modeling for a Complex World, J.D. Sterman, McGraw-Hill, 2000.

[25] Operations Research: An Introduction, A.H. Taha, Prentice-Hall, 2006.

[26] Business Process Modeling Notation Specification (dtc/06-02-01), Object Management Group, February 2006.

[27] Business Motivation Model (BMM) Specification (dtc/2006-08-03), Object Management Group, August 2006.

[28] Semantics of Business Vocabulary and Business Rules (SBVR), Version 1.0 (formal/08-01-02), Object Management Group, January 2008.

[29] Business Process Definition Metamodel (BPDM) (bmi/2007‑03‑01), Object Management Group, March 2007.

[30] Towards Modeling and Reasoning Support for Early-Phase Requirements Engineering, E. Yu, in Proceedings of the Third IEEE International Symposium on Requirements Engineering, pp. 226235, Washington, DC, January 1997.

[31] E3-Value: Design and Evaluation of e-Business Models, J. Gordijn, H. Akkermans, IEEE Intelligent Systems, Volume 16, No. 4, pp. 1117, 2001.

[32] Meta Object Facility (MOF) 2.0 Query/View/Transformation Specification (formal/2008-04-03), Object Management Group, April 2008.

[33] DoD Architecture Framework (DoDAF), Version 1.5, Volume II: Product Descriptions, US Department of Defense, April 2007.

[34] FEA Consolidated Reference Model, Version 2.3, US Office of Management and Budget, 2007.

[35] CBDI-SAE Meta Model for SOA Version 2.0, J. Dodd et al, Everware-DBDI, Inc., 2007.


[*] From April 2009, Telematica Instituut is called NOVAY.

[2] The latter relation is defined in Chapter 7 on cross-layer dependencies.

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Downloads of the ArchiMate documentation, are available under license from the ArchiMate information web site. The license is free to any organization wishing to use ArchiMate entirely for internal purposes (for example, to develop an information system architecture for use within that organization). A book is also available (in hardcopy and pdf) from The Open Group Bookstore as document C091.

Copyright © 2008-2009 The Open Group, All Rights Reserved
ArchiMate is a registered trademark of The Open Group.